Two Questions for Beth Moulton

We recently published Beth Moulton’s brilliant “Tongue Tied.”

Here, we ask her two questions about her story:


1) The woman the narrator visits is never identified — it could be anyone, which is a really neat choice, I think. Do you have an idea who the narrator was visiting?

I do not know the relationship between the two people. I was drawn to the idea that the woman in the hospital could be anyone, leaving the readers to imagine for themselves the relationship between the visitor and the sick woman. I think the mystery of who the woman is unsteadies the readers in the same way that the woman and her visitor would be unsteadied in this setting, a setting that no one can imagine themselves in until they land there, as if arriving in a foreign place where they do not know the language and cannot speak the names.

2) That last image for me is so strong, I love the idea of the silent tongues of shoes, how they keep secrets. What made you choose this imagery?

Shoes are universal, yet they can be so different, just like people. There are many shoes without tongues or laces, but I have seen folks walking around with unlaced shoes with the tongues flapping around, and that image stuck with me, as if I had to make sense of it somehow. As with many short stories, it took a long time to find the right words. But when I thought of the tongues of the shoes as physical tongues, that can move or be restrained, and when I remembered that the lace-holes are called eyelets, it was as if I had solved a puzzle. I then needed a setting where the unrestrained tongues and unblinded eyes would be some brief concession to an illness, instead of, perhaps, the cause of the illness, and restraint would be considered normal. That took more time. I enjoy writing stories where everyday events, like unlaced shoes, can be twisted just a little and then become something entirely different.


Tongue Tied ~ by Beth Moulton

I visited her in that place they sent her after she tried to kill herself. The staff and the patients dressed the same way—mostly jeans, sweats or leggings with t-shirts. The only way to tell them apart was the patients didn’t have shoelaces. Their sneakers gaped open, eyelets wide, tongues flopping around as if spewing words.

Weeks later some woman stopped me in a store.

“I know you,” she said. “We met at the hospital.”

I vaguely recognized her face but didn’t recall her name, couldn’t remember if she was staff or patient. By habit, I glanced towards her feet, but it didn’t help. Outside of that place everyone keeps their shoes tightly tied, eyelets blinded by laces, tongues lashed down and silent.


Beth Moulton earned an MFA in Creative Writing from Rosemont College, in Rosemont, PA. She’s been published in Affinity CoLab; Bartleby Snopes; A Clean, Well-Lighted Place; scissors and spackle; Circa, A Literary Review and Fifty Women Over Fifty Anthology. She lives near Valley Forge with her cats, Lucy and Ethel.

Two Questions for Leonora Desar

We recently published Leonora Desar’s stunning “Woods.

Here, we ask her two questions about her story:


1) I love how this story parallels that experience some of us have had with pets: Our parents driving out to the middle of nowhere, dumping off an animal, saying “they’ll be better off here.” Was this parallel something you had in mind as you were writing this piece?

Yes, and thank you! It was a Sunday morning. Early. I wanted to watch cartoons but instead I was thinking about Depressing Things. One of these was a story a friend’s husband told me: his family used to “retire” his pets, not by taking them to the retirement home, but to the woods. This seemed like a raw deal—

1) no bingo

2) no mahjong

In seriousness, though, that story cuts me. He told me this over ten years ago and I still ruminate on it. I wanted to write about it but as I wrote it turned into humans, little boys. I like it when stories do that (sometimes), and often I hate it, I want the stories to obey and get in line.

In this case I hope it worked. I felt it getting away from me and instead of trying to reel it in I let it go, gave it my blessing.


2) The ending is so powerful, the mother saying all these wonderful things would happen in the woods, and none of it, of course, is true. Or is it?

Oh, can we pretend just a minute that it is? They’re all hanging out and posting stuff to Facebook, or maybe Insta. Maybe they’re all really into Twitter, the wolves and things—they even know how to thread.
I wanted to call this “Lies My Mother Told Us.” But it felt neat—too neat. I like trusting my reader. I like white space and silence and a little ambiguity. In the end, the reader knows.

Woods ~ by Leonora Desar

We drive to the woods and let out my big brother. It’s his time, my father says. My brother dashes out the car and circles. His teeth are long and silver, but he doesn’t want to go. He doesn’t want to go into the woods. He smells like feral cat. He has those whiskers in his ears, that peach fuzz, that’s when it all starts. Don’t let me go, my brother says. He says it but it comes out wrong, like he should go, he should go into those woods. He should run like a feral cat and chase the jackals and run up in the trees, into the stars, into all the fairytales my mom’s told. About what happens, when boys grow to be a certain age, and run into the woods. When their dads drive them over there like feral dogs. My dad tosses him a lunchbox. There’s a ham sandwich, provisions. A hunting knife and Poland Spring. That’s his favorite brand. He can tell them apart, he says, he said so in his high chair. Poland Spring. Fiji bad! My mother took a picture. She posted it to Facebook. She told us stories, about the woods. How we wouldn’t get eaten. We wouldn’t, we would curl up in the stars. And there would be another mother there, taking pictures. There would be a Facebook in the sky. We would be warm, and happy.


Leonora Desar’s writing has appeared in River StyxPassages NorthMid-American ReviewBlack Warrior Review OnlineWigleaf and Wigleaf’s Top 50, and elsewhere. Her matchbook piece “My Father’s Girlfriend” is forthcoming in The Best Small Fictions 2019. Three of her pieces were chosen for Best Microfiction 2019. She is fiction editor for Pidgeonholes and lives in Brooklyn

Two Questions for Charles Rafferty

We recently published Charles Rafferty’s melodic “Six Fingers.”

Here, we ask him two questions about his story:


1) I love this idea of a 12-fingered pianist, especially when it comes to those octaves! When you conceived of this piece, was the musician always a pianist or did you ever consider having him play a different instrument?

It was always a piano. Probably this is because I play a little piano myself. I’m not very good though, and there have been times when I’ve struggled to form the right chords, when I’ve considered how useful an extra finger might be.

2) That ending, with the woman tired of the five-fingered world, is such a great moment. What do you think she would say to him? Or would she say anything?

Ah, that’s a tough one. I was intending that last moment to be mostly sexual. That is, the “saying the chords” bit suggests a kind of ecstasy, a once-in-a-lifetime encounter, which is really just a way of saying she’s fallen in love. What actual words would she say in this moment of flirtation or seduction? I’m not sure. I think she would probably be quiet for as long as she could get away with it — for fear of jinxing the moment. I’m like that. When things are going well, I tend to become taciturn. It’s the old fear of saying something stupid or giving offense. This is one of the reasons I’m a terrible cocktail party guest.

Six Fingers ~ by Charles Rafferty

He had six fingers on each hand and played improvisational piano. The audience leaned in to hear his tinkling brook as it splashed around the fat stones of the double bass. The air at the club was dark and his hands were quick. Nobody noticed the extra digits. Later, at the after-party, a woman lingered beside his wine. She wouldn’t have put it this way, but she was weary of the five-fingered world. She wanted to hear herself say the chords that only his hands could form.


Charles Rafferty’s most recent collections of poems are The Smoke of Horses (BOA Editions, 2017) and Something an Atheist Might Bring Up at a Cocktail Party (Mayapple Press, 2018). His poems have appeared in The New Yorker, O, Oprah Magazine, Prairie Schooner, and Ploughshares. His stories have appeared in The Southern Review and New World Writing, and his story collection is Saturday Night at Magellan’s (Fomite Press, 2013). He has won grants from the National Endowment for the Arts and the Connecticut Commission on Culture and Tourism, as well as the 2016 NANO Fiction Prize. Currently, he directs the MFA program at Albertus Magnus College and teaches at the Westport Writers’ Workshop.

Two Questions for Kayleigh Shoen

We recently published Kayleigh Shoen’s stunning “Things I’m Holding (for you).”

Here, we ask her two questions about her story:


1) One of the things I love about this piece is the specificity of it. Was it hard to choose the items the narrator has held onto, or did they come easily for you?

The nature of the things has changed a lot over time. I wrote the first version of this story in Pam Painter’s flash class at Emerson College, where we were writing a full story or often multiple stories every week. So, the first draft was very rushed, really just a list of objects I was tired of carrying in my purse for my husband.

A lot of the feedback I got on that version — both in the class and in my writing groups — reflected that readers were looking for a more dramatic relationship between the people in the story. People were saying “oh she hates him,” “they’re going to get divorced,” “she’s going to kill him” which was funny because the objects were taken from real life and I’m very happily married, really!

It’s taken me many drafts — more than you might expect for such a short story — to arrive at this mix of “things.” As I’ve changed the scope of “things,” the story has moved away from a gripe to a fictional story with specific characters.

One of the important objects to me is the chapstick, which my husband doesn’t use. To me, the chapstick is like a permission slip to write whatever I want without it being about me.

2) Those last two words, “my breath,” oh, they say so much! I love how this story ends. Did you ever have a different ending in mind?

I think that ending appeared about midway through the rewrite process when I changed the action from “carrying” to “holding.” They seem like synonyms, but to me “holding” has more of a sense of burden, and it opened up more possibilities for this character – holding back, holding her tongue, holding on… Actually, I’m still not sure I picked the best option. Except I think “holding my breath” implies that she can’t wait forever, and I like that quiet, impending doom. Every story should have a hint of doom to it.

Things I’m Holding (for You) ~ by Kayleigh Shoen

Your chapstick, cash for tolls, the parking lot slip, a pack of Trident, car keys, a bouquet of daisies, a card, your best friend’s birthday, reservations, the restaurant he likes, his wife’s name, the conversation, a light tone, a glass of water when you order another cocktail, half my fries, the cup of coffee you refuse, a pleasant tone, the waiter’s eye, a smile that says “don’t worry, everything’s fine here,” another water, napkins to wipe the drink you spilled, your arm just above your fist, conciliatory words, petals from the flowers you smashed, an apologetic tone with the manager, our jackets, the passenger side door, your accusations, your tears, a pack of Kleenex, a pack of gum, your chapstick, my breath.


Kayleigh Shoen’s stories have appeared in [100-Word Story], Crack the Spine, Green Briar Review and elsewhere. She holds an MFA from Emerson College and teaches writing in the Boston area. You can find her tweets about dogs, writing and TV at @whowantssoup or sign up for her newsletter at

Two Questions for Ellen Rhudy

We recently published Ellen Rhudy’s glorious “A Writer’s Guide to Fairy Tales.”
Here, we ask her two questions about her story:

1) I love stories like this, that play with tropes, that let the reader in on what the writer is doing. What made you choose “fairy tale” for this piece?
I’ve always been interested in stories that are told and retold, and I think fairy tales are especially interesting because the people within them are so often “blanks” that readers can project themselves onto. There’s so much room for writers to retell these stories and make them totally their own, like in one of my recent favorites, “The Candy Children’s Mother” by A.A. Balaskovits. Every once in a while I get excited about retelling a fairy tale, and that was actually how this piece came — I was struggling to get started and so I started writing more to myself, thinking, “okay, what are the rules I have to be following here?” And then it got away from me.

2) You skip the third rule of storytelling and move right into the fourth — I love the cleverness of this! How many rules of storytelling do you think there are and, of course, do they deserve to be followed?
Oh gosh, there are probably endless “rules” for storytelling, and because I didn’t study writing in school I feel like I’m always stumbling over ones I wasn’t aware of. In some ways I’m interested in these rules, because it can be fun to think about what our expectations are as readers, and what rules we as writers will follow or break to meet or expand those readerly expectations. One of the things I love about flash is that writers have so much freedom to abandon or break the rules; you can trust that a reader will spend five minutes with you in a piece that’s doing something new. I write a lot of longer stories, in the 5000-7000-word range, and I’ve found that in those stories I’m almost always telling the story in a linear way that probably lines up to many of the rules (again, whatever they are!) of what a short story should be, because I’m hoping this will keep a reader with me through the strange things I’m asking them to believe. I sometimes find myself amazed by writers who are able to create their own narrative rules and logic and make it work, always wondering, “How did they do that?!” All to say, I guess I think the rules were made to be broken or at the very least stretched.


A Writer’s Guide to Fairy Tales ~ by Ellen Rhudy

Your story has a dead woman at its center. This is the first rule of storytelling. A woman in a tower, who doesn’t yet realize she’s already died. Maybe she will never realize, and maybe her years after the escape will be just as happy as if she had been alive. Maybe she will never catch the dank sweet smell of her own decaying flesh, or find in the mirror the empty space where her face belongs. You think she will be happy.

Your story has a man – that is the second rule of storytelling. A man who wants good things for himself and better things for the woman who is calling him. Nothing is more appealing or appalling to him than a woman who cannot decide whether she would like to climb down to his unknown arms, a woman who doesn’t have likes or dislikes, loves or non-loves. Every day after he visits the woman who doesn’t know she’s dead, the man will wonder if there are other routes, ones to women who live and breathe. Or maybe he doesn’t, because this is a story and one of the best rules of storytelling is that the man doesn’t feel doubt, because he is there to act.

Here is the fourth rule of storytelling: the man and the woman fall in love immediately, before they speak, the moment they set eyes on one another. Love is a thing that can be created as quick as you can scratch its four letters on the page, and so when the woman climbs hand over hand down the fraying segments of her own braid, she is already in love with the man who waits for her with a broken comb and a hand swollen around a wretched brown thorn. I love you, she says, because this is what the man hopes for her to say, and because she knows it is what she must say. In some versions of the story he kisses her awake but in this version she is awake already, she kisses him first as though it is her choice, she waits for a spark, a glint, a sign of life to alight on her lips.

Over the nights to come the woman will lay beside him in bed, watching the close ceiling as he sleeps and trying to recall if sleep is a thing she knows. She will see her body crumpled at the base of her father’s tower, again and again and again. She will hear the damp breath of her children in the next room, the snores of her husband at her side, and know that that was not the place she lost herself, if indeed she has lost herself, if she was ever even a thing to lose. And because this is a story, this is where you can leave her – not out of spite or authorial negligence, but because it is the only place a woman could find herself, in this world you’ve made her. It is a place where she might be happy.
Ellen Rhudy lives in Philadelphia, where she works as an instructional designer. Her fiction has recently appeared in The Adroit Journal, cream city review, SmokeLong Quarterly, Necessary Fiction, and Monkeybicycle. You can find her at, or on twitter @EllenRhudy.